Science Highlights

These monthly highlights, selected by MagLab Director Greg Boebinger, represent the most promising and cutting-edge research underway in the lab’s seven user facilities.

12 December 2019

Liquid State Dynamic Nuclear Polarization at High Magnetic Field

This finding demonstrates a path forward to dramatically enhance sensitivity for molecule concentration measurement by magnetic resonance using Overhauser DNP.

12 December 2019

Complex Phase Diagram and Reentrant Disorder in Ce3TiSb5

Ce3TiSb5 identified as a metallic magnet in which inverse melting does occur.

28 October 2019

Extreme re-entrant superconductivity

Studies of uranium ditelluride in high magnetic fields show superconductivity switching off at 35 T, but reoccurring at higher magnetic fields between 40 and 65 T.

28 October 2019

Emergent states of matter in chemically doped quantum magnets

Research on doped SrCu2(BO3)2 shows anomalies in the magnetization.

20 September 2019

Hafnium greatly improves Nb3Sn superconductor for high field magnets

Small additions of elemental Hafnium boosts current-carrying capability in Nb3Sn superconductor.

20 September 2019

Spin-lattice and electron–phonon coupling in 3d/5d hybrid Sr3NiIrO6

In Sr3NiIrO6 vibrations in the crystal lattice (phonons) play an important role in its intriguing magnetic properties that result in a very high coercive field of 55 T. Using a combination of pulsed and DC magnetic fields coupled with magnetization and far-infrared spectroscopy, researchers were able to conclusively link the phonons to the magnetic behavior.

19 August 2019

Identification of abnormal hemoglobin from human blood

Precise determination of hemoglobin sequence and subunit quantitation from human blood for diagnosis of hemoglobin-based diseases.

19 August 2019

Unusual “Spin Liquid” quantum state found in TbInO3

Using intense pulsed magnetic fields and measurements at low temperatures, MagLab users have found evidence of a long-sought “spin liquid” in terbium indium oxide (TbInO3)

29 July 2019

Luttinger liquid behavior of helium-three in nanotubes

Study of helium atoms at low temperatures illuminate extreme quantum effects that were earlier predicted.

29 July 2019

Ultra-high magnetic fields provide new insights into bone-like materials

Very high magnetic fields now enable researchers to understand what surrounds calcium atoms in materials.

20 June 2019

High field uncovers magnetic properties in chains of copper ions

The findings contribute to scientists' understanding of magnetic materials that could point the way to future applications.

20 June 2019

Fifty Percent Boost for Niobium–tin

MagLab users have modified the critical current of Nb3SN, a material that was thought to be fully exploited, and boosted its performance by 50%.

15 May 2019

Evidence Supporting BiPd as a Topological Superconductor

The observation of topological states coupled with superconductivity represents an opportunity for scientists to manipulate nontrivial superconducting states via the spin-orbit interaction. While superconductivity has been extensively studied since its discovery in 1910, the advent of topological materials gives scientists a new avenue to explore quantum matter. BiPd is being studied using "MagLab-sized fields" by scientists from LSU in an effort to determine if it is indeed a topological superconductor.

10 April 2019

Heat-treatment of Large Hadron Collider Nb3Sn magnets

To increase the rate of particle collisions in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, new powerful magnets will soon be made from Nb3Sn superconducting wires. Here, researchers report a change to the heat-treatment temperature to optimize Nb3Sn superconducting magnet performance.

10 April 2019

In-House Fabrication of Outsert Coil 1 for the 100T Pulsed Magnet

Pulsed magnets are designed to operate near their structural limits to be able to generate extremely high magnetic fields. The coils have a limited life expectancy and thus need to be replaced on occasion. Fabrication of these large coils are now being done at the MagLab where advanced nondestructive examinations can be performed. Because of more rigorous quality controls and improvements in high-strength conductors and reinforcement materials, the lifetime of these coils can be extended.

20 March 2019

Scientists identify potential biomarker for brain diseases

With advanced techniques and world-record magnetic fields, researchers have detected new MRI signals from brain tumors.

1 March 2019

"Molecular sieves" could lead to much cheaper gas production

Combining high-field NMR with infrared microscopy, scientists learned more about how gas diffuses in a novel class of molecular sieves that could one day be used for gas separation.

1 March 2019

Researchers demonstrate method for analyzing molecules from bacteria cell walls

Scientists will be able to apply the technique to characterize similar molecules, helping develop vaccines and drugs to treat bacterial infection.

29 January 2019

Even denominator fractional quantum Hall states in graphene

Scientists revealed previously unobserved and unexpected FQH states in monolayer graphene that raise new questions regarding the interaction between electrons in these states.

29 January 2019

Scientists observe molecular movements in T cells

Insights into the structure and movement of T cell surface proteins could lead to new ways to fight cancers, infections and other diseases.