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Vibrating Sample Magnetometry in DC Fields

A vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) is used to measure DC magnetic susceptibility and DC magnetization. The VSM utilizes the Faraday’s Law to measure absolute magnetic moment of a magnetic sample.

The sample is vibrated at 87 Hz with 0.2 mm amplitude inside a pickup coil. A voltage (emf) is induced across the pickup coil, which is proportional to the magnetic moment * vibration frequency * vibration amplitude. A phase sensitive detection technique is used to measure the induced voltage, which is then converted to absolute magnetic moment using a pre-calibrated relation of the signal of a known standard (usually ferromagnetic Ni sphere)


Compatible Magnets

Resistive Magnets

  • Lake Shore Model 7300 VSM controller

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Images & Sample Data

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Related Publications

Silverstein, et al, Nuclear and magnetic supercells in the multiferroic candidate: Pb3TeMn3P2O14, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 221 (2015) Read online.

Lee, et al, Series of phase transitions and multiferroicity in the quasi-two-dimensional spin-1/2 triangular lattice antiferromagnet Ba3CoNb2O9, Physical Review B, 89 (2014) Read online.

Lee, et al, Magnetic phase diagram and multiferroicity of Ba3MnNb2O9: A spin-(5/2) triangular lattice antiferromagnet with weak easy-axis anisotropy, Phys. Rev. B, 90 (2014) Read online.

Balamurugan, et al, Successive spin-flop transitions of a Neel-type antiferromagnetic Li2MnO3 single crystal with a honeycomb lattice, Phys. Rev. B, 90 (2014) Read online.

Lu, et al, Hysteresis Loss of REBCO Conductor Up to 35T, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 24(2014) Read online.

Cherian, et al, Electronic structure and magnetic symmetry in MnTiO3 analyzed by second harmonic generation, Physical Review B, 87 (2013) Read online.

Hwang, et al, Successive Magnetic Phase Transitions and Multiferroicity in the Spin-One Triangular-Lattice Antiferromagnet Ba3NiNb2O9, Physical Review Letters, 109 (2012) Read online.

Iyama, et al, High-magnetic field effect on interplay between Sm 4f and Mn 3d moments in SmMnO3, Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81 (2012) Read online.

Park, et al, Magnetoelectric Feedback among Magnetic Order, Polarization, and Lattice in Multiferroic BiFeO3, Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80 (2011) Read online.

Jo, et al, 3:1 magnetization plateau and suppression of ferroelectric polarization in an Ising chain multiferroic, Phys. Rev. B, 79 (2009) Read online.

Hoch, et al, Diamagnetic to paramagnetic transition in LaCoO3, Phys. Rev. B, 79 (2009) Read online.

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Last modified on 26 December 2022

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