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The MagLab is funded by the National Science Foundation and the State of Florida.

AC Magnetic Susceptibility in High B/T

The AC susceptometer for measurements at ultra-low temperatures consists of a cell totally immersed with the sample in a cell filled with liquid 3He.

The liquid 3He is essential for good thermal contact. The device is a modification of a standard mutual inductance bridge with counter-wound secondary coils with only one containing the sample and one excitation coil as shown below. The components are selected to optimize thermalization and high sensitivity at ultra-low temperatures. Each electrical lead passes through a “sock” of sintered Ag to thermalize the electrons in the electrical leads.

A mutual inductance bridge is used to read the difference in inductance of the two pick-up coils and illustrated below. The transformer is wound form very fine annealed Ag wire (5μm φ) and no ferrite core is used at these temperatures.


  • Andeen Hagerling Capacitance Bridge 2700A

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Credit: National MagLab

Related Publications

L. Yin et al., Magnetic Susceptibility Measurements at Ultra-Low Temperatures, J. Low Temp. Phys., 158, 710-715 (2010) Read online.

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Last modified on 23 December 2022

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