Phase transitions that produce small length changes (even on the order of nanometers) due to thermal expansion or magnetostriction can be resolved by making contact between the tip of a miniature piezo-resistive cantilever and a sample.

Specific heat of a material is a measure of heat necessary to raise the temperature of a given amount of material, typically a gram or a mol, by 1 Kelvin.

High currents measurements in the MagLab are used mainly for characterization/testing of superconducting materials.

A vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) is used to measure DC magnetic susceptibility and DC magnetization. The VSM utilizes the Faraday’s Law to measure absolute magnetic moment of a magnetic sample.

Dielectric capacitance measures capacitance and dissipation of a bulk or thin film sample.

Bruker FTIR spectrometers are coupled to SCM3 and resistive magnet in cell 8.

In a Raman scattering experiment, a specimen is shined with laser light of a known frequency (energy) and polarization, and the scattered light is collected and analyzed for frequency and polarization.

This technique utilizes a streak camera in order to measure photoluminescence lifetimes with a minimum duration of 2 ps.

The Magneto-optical Kerr probe provides the laboratory with a unique apparatus to measure properties of ultra-thin magnetic films and multilayers at high magnetic fields and cryogenic temperatures (2K-325K).

Wideband microwave measurement capacity to 40 GHz.

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