Seminar By Louk Rademaker, Université de Genève, Switzerland

Calendar
For Scientists
Date
01/21/2022 3:00 pm - 4:00 pm
Location
MagLab, Room B101

Description

Title: Symmetry breaking and Chern insulators in twisted graphene structures

Host: Oskar Vafek

Abstract: Twisted bilayer graphene (tBG) and variants like twisted monolayer-bilayer graphene (tMBG) were proposed to be a platform for strongly correlated physics akin to the cuprate family. However, I will show that many of the observed interacting phenomena can be explained in terms of breaking of spin/valley symmetry.

To do so, I will first describe how flat bands in tBG can be directly observed using ARPES [1]. An effective description of the flat bands is hampered by band renormalization due to charge transfer [2] and band topology.

The combination of interactions and topology naturally leads to spin/valley symmetry breaking with a quantum anomalous Hall effect in tMBG [3]. In tBG in large magnetic fields, similar spin/valley symmetry breaking creates a series of Chern insulator states [4]. I will conclude with a brief discussion of the possibility of genuine strong correlations in Moiré structures.

References:

[1] Lisi et al., Nature Physics, 556, 80 (2020)

[2] Rademaker, Abanin, Mellado, Phys. Rev. B, 100, 205114 (2019)

[3] Rademaker, Protopopov, Abanin, Phys. Rev. Research, 2, 033150 (2020)

[4] Saito, Ge, Rademaker, Watanabe, Taniguchi, Abanin, Young, Nature Physics, 108, 12233 (2021)