Right and Left Hand Rules

No fancy movement in this tutorial, but these rules come in very handy when trying to understand some of what’s going on in our other tutorials.

You’ll find two of the most useful tools for understanding electromagnetism right at the end of your arms.

Right hand ruleRight hand rule.

These convenient appendages help us understand the interaction between electricity and magnetism via the Right Hand Rule and the Left Hand Rule.

The Right Hand Rule, illustrated at left, simply shows how a current-carrying wire generates a magnetic field. If you point your thumb in the direction of the current, as shown, and let your fingers assume a curved position, the magnetic field circling around those wires flows in the direction in which your four fingers point.

The Left Hand Rule shows what happens when an electrical current enters a magnetic field. You need to contort your hand in an unnatural position for this rule, illustrated below. As you can see, if your index finger points in the direction of a magnetic field, and your middle finger, at a 90 degree angle to your index, points in the direction of the current, then your extended thumb (forming an L with your index) points in the direction of the force exerted upon that particle. This rule is also called Fleming's Left Hand Rule, after English electronics pioneer John Ambrose Fleming, who came up with it.

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Last modified on 20 October 2020
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